|Place of worship||Home, Temple , Any Place consider peaceful.||Mosque/masjid, any place which is considered clean by Islamic standards.||Roman province of Judea.|
|Place of origin||Indus Valley (Indian Subcontinent||Arabian Peninsula, Mecca at Mount Hira.||Church, chapel, cathedral, basilica, home bible study, personal dwellings.|
Hinduism has seven Pillars: Dharma (righteous work), Karma( Righteous work), Artha (Righteous earning), Purusharthas (Righteous way of Hardship), Moksha (Righteous way of liberation), Reincarnation (Never ending cycle of birth) & Gyana (righteous knowledge of Supreme Principle or being). For attending all above there is eight ways:-Meditation, Yoga, Puja, Yoga, social devotion, Karma worship, darshana, socialism (sanyaas) all are based on Vedic source and Upanishad knowledge
|Five pillars: Testament that there is one God and Muhammad is his messenger (shahadah); prayer five times daily; fast during Ramadan; charity to the poor (zakat); pilgrimage (Hajj).||Prayer, sacraments (some branches), worship in church, reading of the Bible, acts of charity, communion.|
|Use of statues and pictures||
Uses of statues is objective. For Darshana, natya, puja a statue is required. For Meditation, yoga, dhayana, japa statues is not required. Overall people worship god in two form according to their ease: Sakara (In form) or Nirakara (Non Form).
|Images of God or prophets not permitted. Art takes the form of calligraphy, architecture etc. Muslims distinguish themselves from other groups by not drawing lifelike human works, which could be mistaken as idolatry. No image is representative of God||In Catholic & Orthodox Churches.|
|Goal of religion||
Five religious goal is mentioned in Vedas. 1. Moksha (Liberation), Gyana (Knowledge of Brahman), Shanti (Highest satisfaction), Sarve sukhina (Social happiness) & vankuntha (Adobe of Lord Vishnu)
|Fulfill gift and responsibility of this life through following the guidance of Holy Quran and Hadith, striving to serve mankind through compassion, justice, trustworthiness, and love for all of God’s creation||To love God and obey his commandments while creating a relationship with Jesus Christ and spreading the Gospel so that others may also be saved.|
There is no official founder. Hinduism is based on Miraculous experience of Many Vedic Rishi and their understanding of nature through meditation, Yoga, Purusharthas and bhakti. All revelation about nature comes during deep meditation and learned through oral traditional and written after development of languages. Vedas says “God is eternal no one know its start and end, how it could be known by mere human”.
|Prophet Muhammad. According to Islamic scripture, all people who follow God’s revealed guidance and the messengers sent with it ‘submit’ to that guidance, and are considered Muslims (ie. Adam, Moses, Abraham, Jesus, etc.).||Jesus Christ|
|Belief of God||
God is understand by two schools of thought. Adavita Vedanta says “God is one but manifested himself all around the world as nature and theirs law” while another school dualism or vaishnavisam says “God has two nature Sakara “In Manifested form” and Nirakara “Un-manifested form”
|Only one God (monotheism). God is the one True Creator. God has always existed, none existed before him and will exist forever. He transcends life and death. No part of His creation resembles Him, He cannot be seen, but sees all.||One God: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.|
|Means of salvation||
Reaching enlightenment by the Path of Knowledge, the Path of devotion, or the Path of Good Deeds.
|Belief in one God, remembrance of God, repentance, fear of God and hope in God’s mercy.||Through Christ’s Passion, Death, and Resurrection.|
Hinduism is about following righteous path (dharma) by help of Righteous Karma, Artha, Gyana and Purusharthas. Followers should follow the wisdom of Vedas and Upanishads and teaching can be change according to Desa (Context) and kala (time). Hinduism is about getting Liberation from life by obeying the virtues paths of life and admiring the knowledge of Vedas. Sometime its influence to have direct experience of divine though Bhakti, Karma, Socialism and Gyana.
|Islam consists of individuals who believe in Allah, a deity whose teachings its followers—Muslims—believe were recorded, verbatim, by the god’s last prophet, Muhammad.||Christianity broadly consists of individuals who believe in the deity Jesus Christ. Its followers, called Christians, often believe Christ is “the Son” of the Holy Trinity and walked the earth as the incarnate form of God (“the Father”).|
The followers of Vedas and Upanishads teaching. Experience the divinity by yourself. Doesn’t believed in anyone following and believing without directly experiencing and searching for divinity. Search for Divine, Understand divine, experience divine and spread divinity by following dharma.
|Islam is derived from the Arabic root “Salema”: peace, purity, submission and obedience. In the religious sense, Islam means submission to the will of God and obedience to His law. A Muslim is one who follows Islam.||Follower Of Christ.|
Human nature is born Divine. Human action shall be based on righteous karma cause it is cause & effect. Faith shall be introspect routinely. Law, Practice & customs can be change according to time. Human Nature should be curious, self check and socially sestinas. Non Violence, Higher Values in Life and Introspection is important.
|Humans are born pure and innocent. Upon reaching adolescence, you are responsible for what you do, and must choose right from wrong. Islam also teaches that faith and action go hand-in-hand.||Man has inherited “original sin” from Adam. Mankind then is inherently evil and is in need of forgiveness of sin. By knowing right and wrong Christians choose their actions. Humans are a fallen, broken race in need of salvation and repair by God.|
|Life after death||
A constant cycle of reincarnation until enlightenment is reached. No judgment days and no urge to get highly religious without introspecting. A atheist, a sinner and a good humans all will be salvation but depend on good karma.
|All beings created with reason will be accountable to God Almighty on the Day of Judgement. They will be rewarded for every atom’s weight of good, and either forgiven or punished for evil deeds.||Eternity in Heaven or Hell, in some cases temporal Purgatory.|
No official authority But Core philosophy like Karma, Incarnation, Living Guru, Human divinity, Divinity amongst all, Social high values are driving force of Hinduism. Gurus, Yogis, Rishis, Brahmins, Pundits, priests, priestesses, monks are help to introspect and revived the understating of followers.
|Imam leads congregational prayer in a mosque. Sheikh, Maulana, Mullah and Mufti||Priests, bishops, ministers, monks, and nuns.|
|Muslims||Christian (follwers of Christ)|
|View of the Buddha||
Some Hindu sects claim Buddha was an avatar of Vishnu. Others believe he was a holy man.
Vedas, Upanishad, Puranas, Gita, Adavita Vedanta, Vedanta, Yoga sutra, Vashishta Yoga etc.
|The Qur’an, and traditions of the Holy Last messenger Muhammad, called ‘Sunnah’ which is found in narrations or ‘hadiths’ by the men around him.||The Holy Bible|
There is no strict religious law. Some Dhramsastra was made in early age but declare that they belong to time and context within sastra. The Only law followed by Hindus is Vedic law or philosophy.
|Shariah law (derived from Quran and Hadith) governs prayers, business transactions, and individual rights, as well as criminal and governmental laws. Religious debate, or ‘Shura’ is utilized for practical solutions to contemporary issues||Has existed among Catholics in the form of canon law.|
|God’s role in salvation||
God’s role is salvation is like a goal. God’s is itself liberation. as per Hinduism those who experience God get liberation. concept of God is different then Abrahamic religion. here God is not human being but supreme principle or energy which runs through every things.
|You are judged according to your efforts to do good and avoid sinful behaviors, oppression, etc. God will judge your deeds and intentions. A person must believe in God and follow His commandments.|
|Arabic||Aramaic, Greek, and Latin.|
The word Hindu has geographical significance and was used originally for those people who lived beyond the river Sindhu or the region watered by the river Indus. Hindus themselves, call their religion “Sanatana Dharma, ” meaning “Eternal Law.”
|Islam is an Arabic word for “Submission or surrender in Ultimate Peace”.Muslim means a believer in One God (Al-Illah or Allah)||Disciple of Jesus Christ.|
Man were strickly advise to take one women after trata yuga. a rule set by lord rama but it was up to human emotions. Still Hindu law allowed only one marriage.
|Islam is totally opposed to monasticism and celibacy. Marriage is an act of Sunnah in Islam and is strongly recommended. Men can only marry the “people of the book” i.e., Abrahamic religions. Women can only marry a Muslim man.||A Holy Sacrament.|
|Second coming of Jesus||
Up to age of 14, no sinful work consider as sin due to one of Vedic hymn child brain is not developed for understanding the consequence. No sin if it is done unintentional, forgiveness up to the subject who get harmed. Intentional sins consider as adharma and according to his karma he get paid for his sin.
|Forgiveness must be sought from God, there is no intermediary with him. If any wrong is done against another person or thing, forgiveness must first be sought from them, then from God, as all of God’s creation have rights that must not be infringed||Protestants confess straight to God, Catholic confess mortal sins to a Priest, and venial sins straight to God (Orthodox have similar practice) Anglicans confess to Priests but considered optional. God always forgives sins in Jesus.|
|Geographical distribution and predominance||
Hinduism was initially traced from Hindu Kush mountain (Afghanistan) series to Cambodia. Some traced has been found in Middel east, center Europe in form of Lord Narsimha idols. Yet not full discover.
|There are 1.6 billion. By the percentage of the total population in a region considering themselves Muslim, 24.8% in Asia-Oceania, 91.2% in the Middle East-North Africa, 29.6% in Sub-Saharan Africa, around 6.0% in Europe, and 0.6% in the Americas.||Europe, North and South America, and Australia and New Zealand.|
|Prophets||God sent thousands of divinely inspired messengers to guide mankind. These include Adam, Solomon, David, Noah, Abraham, Ismail, Issac, Moses, Jesus, and Muhammad. There are 124,000 prophets, who were sent to all the world’s nations.||Prophets in the Bible are venerated.|
|Day of worship||
Some schools prescribe three prayer times a day: But some practice describe it any time and any form. Like darshana, japa, dhyana, Yoga and even remember
|Prayer five times daily is obligatory. Friday is the day of congregational prayer, obligatory for men, but not for women.||Sunday, the Lord’s Day.|
Belief in One Eternal supreme principle known as Parmathika “God energy” and Vayahrika “God manifestation” or Nature. These two things make whole universe and theirs law. God can only experience in this form, neither it can be explainable nor it can be experimental. Hindus believed that following of Vedic teaching leads them experiencing the divine.
|Belief in one God, who has sent messengers with revelation and guidance for humanity so they may be guided to good & who have came with both good news and a warning, the last & final messenger being Muhammad صلى الله علي||The Nicene Creed sums up Christian belief in the Holy Trinity.|
|Abrahamic Lineage||N/A.||The ancestor of Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم is Abraham (Ibrahim) through his son Ismael.||Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.|
|Status of Muhammad||N/A.||Deeply loved and revered in Islam. The last Prophet, but is not worshipped. Only God (the creator) is worshipped in Islam; God’s creation (including prophets) are not considered worthy of worship.||N/A|
|Position of Mary||N/A.||Mary receives significant admiration from Muslims. She is said by the Prophet Muhammad to be one of the four best women that God created. She is free of sin as the mother of Jesus.||Mother Of God.|
|imams identified as||N/A.||Shiites believe they are the successors of Ali; Sunnis regard them as their clergy.||N/a|
|Jesus||N/A.||Muslims believe Jesus to be a perfect, sinless, highly revered Prophet and a messenger of God. His name in Arabic is Isa ibn Mariam (Jesus the son of Mary). Jesus was immaculately conceived through God, but is not God or the son of God.||Son Of God.|
|Position of Abraham||N/A.||A great prophet and a perfect, sinless example of the divine guidance of God.||Father of the faithful.|
Om, Swastika, etc.
|Muhammad’s name in calligraphy is common. There is also the black standard that says “There is no god but God and Muhammad is the last messenger of God” in Arabic. The star and crescent is not Islam per se; it is inspired by the Ottoman empire.||Cross, ichthys (“Jesus fish”), Mary and baby Jesus.|
|1.6 billion Muslims||2.6 Billion|
|Virtue on which religion is based upon||
Dharma and Vedic culture
|Tawheed (oneness of God); Peace||LOVE|
|Status of women||
Women consider highly respectable. It is the only major religion which gives women as status of “Goddesses” or Adi Shakti ” First Power or Nature”. Women shall be consider as priest, war soldiers, Kings, doctors, scholar, Politician, economist, God everything what a men can do.
|The prophet said “Do good to and serve your mother, then your mother, then your mother, then your father, then the near relatives and then those who come after them.” Islam’s honoring women is the great status of the mother in Islam.||Women status is respectable|
To follow dharma by help of Purusharthas to experience Brahman and liberate from this cycle of Mayas.
|Say, “He is Allah , [who is] One, Allah , the Eternal Refuge. He neither begets nor is born, Nor is there to Him any equivalent.” – Quran: Surah Al Ikhlas||LOVE|
The concept of angels does not apply in Hinduism.
|Angels are created from light and remain unseen as they worship and follow God’s commands.||YES|
|Concept of God||
God is in everything and everything is God. Adavita Vedanta says “God is one but manifested himself all around the world as nature and theirs law” while another school dualism or vaishnavisam says “God has two nature Sakara “In Manifested form” and Nirakara “Un-manifested form”
|Ninety nine names and attributes of Allah (God) who is infinite supreme, Sublimely one, all are dependent on him yet he depends on none. Self sufficient. without beginning and without end, and there is nothing comparable to him.||God, son and Holy sprit|
|View of Oriental religions||
Buddhism and Jainism were considered atheistic religions by traditional Hindu schools. Buddhists do not consider Buddha an avatar of Vishnu and believe that Hindu priests made that claim to stem the spread of Buddhism, which threatened Hinduism.
|Buddhism, Taoism, Hinduism, Shino are not from following the right path. But, “… And We never punish until We have sent a Messenger (to give warning).” [al-Israa’ 17:15].||Christ is only Son of God.|
|Views on Other Religions||
Some scriptures say the path they describe is the only path to God and salvation. Other scriptures are more philosophical than religious. Beliefs vary. Some believe that all spiritual paths lead to the same God.
|Christians and Jews are regarded as the people of the book, who hold a great deal of respect over materialists but are disbelievers far from the correct path.||Christ is only way to salvation|
|Status of Adam||
|Free from all major sins and faults. Adam is the first prophet and man on earth as sent by Allah and he is the father of Humanity, and Muhammad is the last prophet in Islam.||First Man|
|View of Dharmic religions||Extremely false and corrupted||N/A|