Hundreds of years ago, Indian artists created visual images of dancing Shivas in a beautiful series of bronzes. In our time, physicists have used the most advanced technology to portray the patterns of the cosmic dance. The metaphor of the cosmic dance thus unifies ancient mythology, religious art and modern physics – Fritj of Capra, Professor of Nuclear physics, Australia
Dancing Shiva: Shiva in Indian culture is considered as most powerful deity of destruction, recreation and cosmos. The early origin name of Shiva is mentioned as “Rudra” in Vedas. Rudra which means “the angry one” is one of the Vedic deity which get transformed into Shiva in puranaic time of Hinduism.
Nataraja Icon is most famous representation of lord Shiva in Middle ages of Indian (7CE-16CE). Its one of the most astonishing idol used during the teaching of Natya Shastra.
Construct of Nataraja
Lord Shiva in this Icon is in position of dance known as: Tandava (Dance of Destruction), background of his shown a fire “again” which is considered as cosmic fire during which Lord shiva dance for destruction of universe so he can create another universe. a small dwarf on which lord shiva is standing is known as “Ignorance”. This small rakshasa “Evil” is shown as a symbols that, when Shiva dance for destruction the ignorance has been killed.
In This icon, Shiva has four hand, which is very common in all deity which is prime: Shiva, Vishnu, Shakti, Brahma, Ganesh. These deities are not avatars, the only difference between avatars and prime deities is numbers of hand. you will very rarely found any idol of Krishna and Rama with four hands. This was the symbols that Krishna and Rama lived amongst people like human and Mahabharata and Ramayana is account of facts and fiction which include history. while Puranaic stories are account of stories of prime deities which hold the Vedic knowledge in bard form. Now, Two out of four hands of Shiva has holding fire and abhay Mudra (Fear Not Position). The symbolic meaning of fire as describe in Vedas is sacred. Fire is one of the Vedic deity named as “Agni”.
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