Women In Hinduism – Part One


This is very extensive topic in which many scholar has many view point. Few see Hinduism has been open and respectful for women. While other is against this notion. I have presented here prospective about the subject based on various scripture.  #Manusmriti where one side state that “a girl, she should obey and seek protection of her father, as young women her husband, and as a widow to his son” but in other section the same texts assert that “women must be honored and adorned” and “where women are revered, there are God’s rejoice, but where they are not, no scared rite bears any fruit”. These contradiction according to scholar is shows that current manusmriti has corruption of text over time.

#Hinduism is only major religion where divine Feminisam is recognised, worshiped and practiced. Devi sukta hymn of #Rigved declaration that this whole universe is created by energy which is feminine in nature.

In Shakta Upanishads, feminist divine power describe as Prakrit and has half part of purusa. Feminist divine is presented in five element of life as well as it’s diff from them as per #Tripuratapani Upanishad and #Bahvricha Upnishad.
As per Brihadaranyaka Upanishads 6.4.17 (compose at 800 BCE)

“And if a man wishes that a learned daughter should be born to him, and that she should live to her full age, then after having prepared boiled rice with session and butter, they should both eat, being fit for to have offspring.
And if a men wishes that a learned son should be born to him, and that he should live to his full age, than after prepared boiled rice with meat and butter, they should eat, being fit to have offspring.”

Women were author many Upanishads known as #Brahamcharini, #Gargi and #Maitreya were #achyarni.
The 8th CE poet, Bhavabhuti describe an play where #Atreyi name character travelled to Southern India where she studied Vedas and Indian philosophy.
In Madhvas #Shankaradigvijaya Shankaracharya debate with Female philosopher

In two Hindu epic #Ramayana and #Mahabharata, the role of women were not constant. It’s seems that women has various role but various thought about them.

Like in Mahabharata Adi para, 1.74.50-51
“No man even anger should ever do anything that is disagreeable to his wife. For happiness, joy, virtue and everything depend on the wife. Wife is scared soil in which the husband born again, even the rishi cannot create men without women”

Mahabharata Bhsima Para 13.47.26

“The daughter, O king has been ordained in the scripture to be equal to Son”

Duties of women also describe in chapter 146,

“Good disposition, Endued with sweet speech, sweet conduct, sweet feature”
Tryambakayajvan of Thanjavur in 18th CE Stridharmapaddhati clearly refer that “Women must be independent, Strong, Equally educated, emotional and physical partner in every household and materialistic things, they must be half equal to King, Acharya and Soilders in case of need”